Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in women and second among the leading reasons behind death due to cancer among women. It forms in the cells of the breasts. Breast cancer occurs when some of the breast cells begin to grow abnormally; these abnormal cells divide rapidly and accumulate forming a lump. These cells may spread to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of breast cancer:
- A lump in the breast that is thicker.
- Change in the shape, size and sometimes in the appearance of the breast.
- The skin of the breast may change.
- Nipples may get inverted and leave a discharge.
- The skin around the nipples peels away or becomes flaky.
- There is redness over the breast or around the nipples.
Risk factors are a characteristic that increases the risk of you to develop cancer. Down below we have mentioned risk factors that are responsible for the development of breast cancer:
- One of the leading reasons is when you are physically active.
- After menopause, if you become overweight, then you are more likely to develop breast cancer.
- If you have dense breasts that have more connective tissue than fatty tissue then also you are at risk of developing breast cancer.
- If your family has tested positive for the gene mutation that is associated with a higher risk of breast cancer.
- If your age is more than 40.
- If you have a medical history of breast cancer or ovarian cancer.
Down below we have mentioned preventive measures that will lower your risk of breast cancer. Although, it is difficult to tell that how to prevent disease but to lead a healthy lifestyle can be considered as one of the best and long way to lower the risk of breast cancer.
Follow these below-mentioned tips to prevent breast cancer and maintain a healthy life.
- One should always maintain healthy body weight.
- Get involved in regular physical activities.
- Eat more than five servings of fruit each day
- By drinking a limited amount of alcohol.
- Quit smoking
In addition to the above mentioned, doctors suggest that one must go for regular check-ups and screenings. Cancer, when detected early, can be treated successfully. Down below we have guidelines for the early detection of breast cancer according to the age:
- All the women who are below the age of 18 should conduct a self-exam every month.
- Those women who are above the age of 21 should schedule a yearly well-woman exam at a clinic or doctor’s office.
- Women who are above the age of 40 should go for yearly mammograms.
Always ask your doctor to arrange the screening schedule for you depending upon your health history and risk factors. You should ever meet an oncologist regularly as there is the best oncologist in Delhi. If you have breast cancer, then you must take breast cancer treatments, and get your tests done on time.